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Mission Statement

The mission of the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) is to enhance the quality of life in our community by protecting and improving Montgomery County's air, water, and land in a sustainable way while fostering smart growth, a thriving economy, and healthy communities.

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Budget Overview

The total recommended FY19 Operating Budget for the Division of Solid Waste Services is $109,960,362, an increase of $13,416,987 or 13.90 percent from the FY18 Approved Budget of $96,543,375. Personnel Costs comprise 10.87 percent of the budget for 80 full-time position(s) and two part-time position(s), and a total of 106.24 FTEs. Total FTEs may include seasonal or temporary positions and may also reflect workforce charged to or from other departments or funds. Operating Expenses account for the remaining 89.13 percent of the FY19 budget.

The primary cost increases in FY19 for the Division are related to higher than expected collection contract costs from the re-competition of contracts for five service areas, the continuation of capital equipment purchases according to the Division's equipment replacement schedule, and increased operating costs for Solid Waste facilities.

Linkage to County Result Areas

While this program area supports all eight of the County Result Areas, the following are emphasized:

  • Healthy and Sustainable Neighborhoods
  • A Responsive, Accountable County Government

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Department Performance Measures

Performance measures for this department are included below (where applicable), with multi-program measures displayed at the front of this section and program-specific measures shown with the relevant program. The FY18 estimates reflect funding based on the FY18 approved budget. The FY19 and FY20 figures are performance targets based on the FY19 recommended budget and funding for comparable service levels in FY20.

Accomplishments

  • DEP led an effort to find a carbon reduction packaging alternative for the County composting operations. Working through their contract with Maryland Environmental Service (MES), DEP was able to identify a bagging product composed of sugarcane bioplastic, a carbon-negative product that will help the County reduce its carbon footprint.

  • Successfully demonstrated, pursuant to a Bagging Pilot approved by the Sugarloaf Citizen's Association (SCA), that increasing bagging production at the Yard Trim Facility from 500,000 to 650,000 bags per year does not increase outgoing traffic.

  • DEP conducted five confidential paper shredding/recycling and clothing/household item donation collection events throughout the County during FY17. These events collected about 87 tons of paper and cardboard for shredding and filled 1.5 box trucks with clothing and household items.

    • DEP continued the food scrap recycling project in the Wellbeing Cafe in the Executive Office Building (EOB). Between November 2011 and June 2017 about 111.7 tons of pre-consumer food scraps have been collected and diverted for recycling.
    • DEP coordinated and/or participated in 265 outreach events and activities in which they directly interacted with approximately 33,800 people.

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    Initiatives

    • DEP is working to improve the safe and effective operations of its facilities by making improvements in fire detection and suppression systems and improving operations at the Shady Grove Transfer Station for traffic queuing and flow by widening traffic lanes, improving roadway markings, and improving tipping floor unloading procedures. These latter improvements will decrease queuing time and expedite on-site traffic flow.
    • DEP will develop and implement a nonresidential food waste composting program in FY19.
    • DEP negotiated new solid waste collection contracts for Service Areas 1, 2, 4, 5, and 7 for the collection of refuse and recycling materials. These new contacts will improve the overall level and dependability of service quality.

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    Innovations and Productivity Improvements

    • DEP completed a Corrective Action Plan ("Plan") prepared in the wake of the 2016 fire at the Resource Recovery Facility which outlined the steps to restore the facility to safe and effective operations. Accompanying this Plan, the operator of the facility is completing a Recovery Plan for the facility, designed to address previous maintenance and performance issues, including needed maintenance on equipment. Together, these Plans should improve performance and reliability of the facility, including higher electric generation per ton of waste processed and improved processing of the County's municipal solid waste.

    • DEP and the Department of Permitting Services (DPS) worked together to revise an agreement with Solar City to establish 4-MW solar power arrays on top of the closed Oaks Landfill. Construction will begin in FY18 and operation is scheduled to begin in FY19. The sale of electricity will increase revenue for the landfill.

    • Completed construction of the Paper Processing Facility at the Recycling Center, for separating mixed paper into two commodities; corrugated cardboard and other mixed paper. This new facility allows for the bailing of commodities for sale. Start-up operations began in May.
    • DEP has been working with Finance and a software developer to implement a credit card system at the Transfer Station. The new method of financial transaction will expedite traffic flow at the Shady Grove Scale House.

    Program Descriptions

      Food Waste Organics Recycling

    This program is designed to promote recycling of food scraps as part of the County's overall effort to increase recycling, and reduce the amount of food waste within the County. The program includes initiatives to recycle food scraps and other acceptable organic materials, generated by the single-family residential, multi-family residential,...

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      Administration and Support

    This program supports the Department's operations, programs, and mission through professional services such as: budget and financial management, program evaluation analysis, contract management, and administrative support. This also includes managing the enterprise fund in a financially sound manner; implementing solid waste policy initiatives; performing financial analysis, revenue forecasting, and solid...

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      Commercial Recycling

    This program provides for mandatory commercial sector recycling and waste reduction for all businesses, as well as the review of recycling and waste reduction plans and annual reports from all large and medium-sized businesses, as well as targeted small businesses. Through this program, technical support, assistance, education, outreach, and training...

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      Enforcement

    Enforcement provided by the Department of Housing and Community Affairs under this program consists of six related components. Staff respond to resident complaints dealing with: storage and removal of solid waste; illegal solid waste dumping activities in the County; storage of unregistered vehicles on private property throughout the County; storage...

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      Dickerson Compost Facility

    This program includes all processing, transporting, composting, and marketing of yard trim received by the County, including leaves received from the County's Leaf Vacuuming Program. Processing includes grinding brush to produce mulch at the Transfer Station. Transportation is included for hauling leaves and grass from the Transfer Station, located in...

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      Dickerson Master Plan Implementation

    This program provides for the implementation of the Dickerson Solid Waste Facilities Master Plan. This plan identifies the environmental, community, and operational effects of solid waste facilities in the Dickerson area (the RRF, the Site 2 Landfill, and the Compost Facility) and outlines policies and actions to mitigate those...

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      Gude Landfill

    The purpose of this program is to monitor air and water quality around the landfill, maintain stormwater management and erosion control structures, maintain site roads, and manage the landfill gas through collection and flaring systems. In addition, it encompasses all operational functions necessary to maintain the Gude Landfill, which closed...

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      Household & Small Quantity Hazardous Waste Management

    This program funds a contractor to receive, sort, pack, ship, and properly dispose of household hazardous waste such as flammable products, insecticides, mercury, and reactive and corrosive chemicals. These products are brought in by residents and processed at State and Federally-approved hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities. This program...

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      Multi-Family Recycling

    This program provides for mandatory recycling and waste reduction for multi-family properties. Program efforts include technical support, assistance, education, outreach and training about waste reduction, reuse, recycling and buying recycled products, in addition to the review and monitoring of waste reduction and recycling plans and annual reports. This program also...

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      Oaks Landfill

    This program maintains the closed Oaks Landfill in an environmentally sound and cost-effective manner in accordance with applicable State and Federal regulations. Mandated duties under this program include maintaining monitoring wells for landfill gas and water quality around the landfill; managing landfill gas through collection, flaring, and gas-to-energy systems;...

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      Out Of County Refuse Disposal

    This program provides for the rail shipment of ash residue that is designated for recycling or disposal from the Resource Recovery Facility (RRF) to Fulton Rail Yard near Richmond, Virginia, where it is unloaded and transported by truck to the Old Dominion Landfill, a contracted landfill where the ash is...

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      Recycling Outreach And Education

    This program provides for broadly educating everyone living, visiting and working in the County about waste reduction, reuse, recycling, buying recycled products, backyard and on-site composting, and grasscycling, and the need to comply with applicable County laws. Public education is an important effort which supports solid waste program goals and...

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      Satellite Sites

    This program provides for the operation of a satellite drop-off site at the Poolesville Highway Services Depot. Residents can bring bulky materials to this site. The site, which operates only on weekends, provides drop-off for trash items as a convenience to County residents and reduces the incidence of roadside dumping....

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      Transfer Station

    The purpose of this program is to provide a receiving, processing, and shipping facility for municipal solid waste generated within the County. In addition to regular trash, waste that is handled or recycled includes scrap metal, oil and anti-freeze, textiles, car batteries, and construction material. County staff operates...

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      Yard Trim Reduction

    The purpose of this program is to provide education and training to residents, multi-family properties, and businesses to reduce the amount of yard trim materials (grass, leaves, and brush) generated and also to manage what is generated on-site through both grasscycling and backyard or on-site composting, thus reducing the amount...

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      Recycling Center

    This program provides for the separation, processing, and marketing of recyclable materials (glass, metal, and plastic). The Recycling Center also serves as a transfer point for shipping residential mixed paper for processing. The Recycling Center receives recyclable material collected under the County curbside collection program, as well as some materials...

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      Residential Collection

    This program provides for securing, administering, monitoring, and enforcing Countywide contracts with private collectors for collection of residential refuse and recyclables, and responding to the service needs of residents. Staff processes service requests from MC311 to ensure timely fulfillment by collection contractors. This program also provides for enforcement of the...

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      Resource Recovery Facility & Related Waste Transfer

    This program provides for the operation of the Montgomery County Resource Recovery Facility (RRF). The RRF serves as the primary disposal facility for non-recycled waste generated in the County. Renewable energy in the form of electricity is generated by the combustion of municipal solid waste and is sold into the...

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      Site 2

    This program provides for the management of properties acquired for a potential future landfill. All properties are leased and/or used by private residents. Management activities include the inspection, evaluation, and maintenance of leased agricultural land, single-family dwellings, and agricultural buildings. Activities are coordinated with the Department of...

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      Support for Recycling Volunteers

    The mission of this program is to recruit and retain recycling volunteers to augment available staff resources to educate the general public and thereby improve participation in waste reduction, reuse, recycling, and buying recycled programs. This resident-to-resident and peer-to-peer contact is very effective in motivating people living, visiting, and working...

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      Waste System Planning

    This program supports the planning and development of solid waste programs in accordance with the mandates of the County's Ten Year Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Plan. This may include evaluating existing source reduction, recycling, composting, collection, and disposal programs and policies with the intent of achieving solid waste program...

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    Budget Trends
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    Program Contacts

    Contact Patty Bubar of the Division of Solid Waste Services at 240.777.7786 or Trevor Lobaugh of the Office of Management and Budget at 240.777.2763 for more information regarding this department's operating budget.

    Related Links
    Budget Summary
    TitleActual
    FY17
    Budget
    FY18
    Estimate
    FY18
    Recommended
    FY19
    %Chg
    Bud/Rec
    SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL
    EXPENDITURES
    Salaries and Wages7632957.007795900.00 7424492.00 7758121.00-0.5
    Employee Benefits2467335.002721876.00 2593284.00 2651418.00-2.6
    Solid Waste Disposal Personnel Costs10100292.0010517776.00 10017776.00 10409539.00-1.0
    Operating Expenses70945808.0075689450.00 76147491.00 85096778.0012.4
    Capital Outlay2525265.003493502.00 3493502.00 5206697.0049.0
    Solid Waste Disposal Expenditures83571365.0089700728.00 89658769.00 100713014.0012.3
    PERSONNEL
    Full-Time75.0075.00 75.00 76.001.3
    Part-Time2.002.00 2.00 2.000.0
    FTEs94.1993.68 93.68 94.781.2
    REVENUES
    Investment Income300595.00304130.00 493440.00 699040.00129.8
    Miscellaneous Revenues2583377.0012641030.00 25000.00 25000.00-99.8
    Other Charges/Fees255079.00241800.00 221800.00 221800.00-8.3
    Other Fines/Forfeitures50370.0048345.00 48345.00 48345.000.0
    Other Intergovernmental0.000.00 5000.00 5000.000.0
    Other Licenses/Permits11230.0013145.00 13145.00 13145.000.0
    Property Rentals0.0035526.00 35526.00 35526.000.0
    Sale of Recycled Materials4809626.006994213.00 3451832.00 3451832.00-50.6
    Solid Waste Disposal Fees/Operating Revenues24637729.0025642838.00 27974033.00 27433357.007.0
    Systems Benefit Charge66975624.0055181673.00 66835700.00 66493614.0020.5
    Solid Waste Disposal Revenues99623630.00101102700.00 99103821.00 98426659.00-2.6
     
    SOLID WASTE COLLECTION
    EXPENDITURES
    Salaries and Wages1160094.001133632.00 1133629.00 1157935.002.1
    Employee Benefits309358.00374442.00 374445.00 385641.003.0
    Solid Waste Collection Personnel Costs1469452.001508074.00 1508074.00 1543576.002.4
    Operating Expenses5156111.005334573.00 6791053.00 7703772.0044.4
    Solid Waste Collection Expenditures6625563.006842647.00 8299127.00 9247348.0035.1
    PERSONNEL
    Full-Time4.004.00 4.00 4.000.0
    Part-Time0.000.00 0.00 0.000.0
    FTEs11.3611.46 11.46 11.460.0
    REVENUES
    Investment Income21196.0032640.00 32640.00 49300.0051.0
    Other Charges/Fees12226.000.00 0.00 0.000.0
    Systems Benefit Charge6412724.006440210.00 6438870.00 7102557.0010.3
    Solid Waste Collection Revenues6446146.006472850.00 6471510.00 7151857.0010.5
     
    DEPARTMENT TOTALS
    Total Expenditures90196928.0096543375.00 97957896.00 109960362.0013.9
    Total Full-Time Positions79.0079.00 79.00 80.001.3
    Total Part-Time Positions2.002.00 2.00 2.000.0
    Total FTEs105.55105.14 105.14 106.241.0
    Total Revenues106069776.00107575550.00 105575331.00 105578516.00-1.9
    FY19 Recommended Changes
    TitleExpendituresFTEs
    SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL
    FY18 ORIGINAL APPROPRIATION8970072893.68
    Changes (with service impacts)
    Add: Commercial Organics Initiative [Food Waste Organics Recycling ]4320001.00
    Add: Residential Organics Initiative- Outreach [Food Waste Organics Recycling ]1320000.00
    Other Adjustments (with no service impacts)
    Increase Cost: Residential Recycling Collection Program Contractual Increases [Residential Collection]53761140.00
    Increase Cost: Increased RRF Facility Operating Costs [Resource Recovery Facility & Related Waste Transfer]40477140.00
    Increase Cost: Capital Equipment- Transfer Station [Transfer Station]36710000.00
    Increase Cost: Capital Equipment- Compost Facility [Dickerson Compost Facility]10081970.00
    Increase Cost: Increased Tonnage Hauled Out-of-County [Out Of County Refuse Disposal]5961340.00
    Increase Cost: Increased Recycling Center Contractual Costs [Recycling Center]4921440.00
    Increase Cost: Capital Equipment - Recycling Center [Recycling Center]4725000.00
    Increase Cost: FY19 Compensation Adjustment2478360.00
    Increase Cost: Increased Yard Trim Composting Operating Costs [Yard Trim Reduction]1272870.00
    Increase Cost: Annualization of FY18 Personnel Costs807120.00
    Increase Cost: Increased Transfer Station Contract Costs [Transfer Station]778260.00
    Increase Cost: Finance Chargeback Increase [Administration and Support]607530.00
    Increase Cost: Increased Operating Costs for Oaks Landfill [Oaks Landfill]362270.00
    Increase Cost: Capital Equipment- Oaks Landfill [Oaks Landfill]300000.00
    Increase Cost: Increased Contract Costs for Household Hazardous Waste [Household & Small Quantity Hazardous Waste Management]245820.00
    Increase Cost: Increased Admin Supply Costs [Administration and Support]236930.00
    Increase Cost: Increased PIO MC311 Chargeback [Residential Collection]232130.10
    Increase Cost: Commercial Recycling Contractual Increases [Commercial Recycling]204410.00
    Increase Cost: Increased Revenue Analysis and System Evaluation Consulting Costs [Administration and Support]179730.00
    Increase Cost: Increased Gude Landfill Professional Services Costs [Gude Landfill]126250.00
    Increase Cost: Increased Multifamily Recycling Program Contractual Costs [Multi-Family Recycling]114570.00
    Increase Cost: Increased Information Technology Costs [Administration and Support]47170.00
    Increase Cost: Increased Support for Recycling Volunteers Contractual Costs [Support for Recycling Volunteers]32510.00
    Increase Cost: Increased Organics Food Waste Contractual Costs [Dickerson Compost Facility]30000.00
    Increase Cost: Other Program Contractual Increases28410.00
    Increase Cost: OPEB Adjustment15000.00
    Decrease Cost: Decreased Site 2 Landfill Operating Costs [Site 2]-64030.00
    Decrease Cost: Decreased Recycling Outreach & Education Program Costs [Recycling Outreach And Education]-341640.00
    Decrease Cost: Retirement Adjustment-469670.00
    Decrease Cost: Reclass of Senior Management Position- Manager I to Manager II- Disposal [Administration and Support]-555440.00
    Decrease Cost: Decrease Outreach Materials Cost [Recycling Outreach And Education]-600000.00
    Decrease Cost: Decreased Waste System Planning Study Costs [Waste System Planning]-993480.00
    Decrease Cost: Risk Management Adjustment-1128200.00
    Decrease Cost: Decreased Costs of Implementing Dickerson Master Plan [Dickerson Master Plan Implementation]-1191390.00
    Decrease Cost: Decreased Printing Budget-1435930.00
    Decrease Cost: Savings due to staff turnover [Commercial Recycling]-1521350.00
    Decrease Cost: Increased Lapse Savings-3250000.00
    Decrease Cost: Elimination of FY18 Capital Schedule-48703380.00
    FY19 RECOMMENDED10071301494.78
     
    SOLID WASTE COLLECTION
    FY18 ORIGINAL APPROPRIATION684264711.46
    Other Adjustments (with no service impacts)
    Increase Cost: Residential Refuse Collection Program Contractual Increases [Residential Collection]23233540.00
    Increase Cost: Motor Pool Adjustment383650.00
    Increase Cost: FY19 Compensation Adjustment336460.00
    Increase Cost: Finance Chargeback Increase [Residential Collection]310940.00
    Increase Cost: Annualization of FY18 Personnel Costs68680.00
    Increase Cost: Increased Information Technology Costs12030.00
    Increase Cost: Printing and Mail5300.00
    Increase Cost: OPEB Adjustment800.00
    Decrease Cost: Turnover Savings [Administration and Support]-57920.00
    Decrease Cost: Retirement Adjustment-61320.00
    Decrease Cost: Reclass of Senior Management Position- Manager I to Manager II- Collection [Administration and Support]-185150.00
    FY19 RECOMMENDED924734811.46
    Program Summary
    Program NameFY18 APPR
    Expenditures
    FY18 APPR
    FTEs
    FY19 REC
    Expenditures
    FY19 REC
    FTEs
    Food Waste Organics Recycling 00.006670001.00
    Administration and Support387678820.02355287920.02
    Commercial Recycling209389611.00194376110.00
    Enforcement12910289.9313188579.93
    Dickerson Compost Facility65573291.1554002271.15
    Dickerson Master Plan Implementation2684690.511507870.51
    Gude Landfill6953691.007087331.00
    Household & Small Quantity Hazardous Waste Management10687840.0010896260.00
    Multi-Family Recycling9569984.009775135.00
    Oaks Landfill17400881.2317725351.23
    Out Of County Refuse Disposal122967521.00128836861.00
    Recycling Outreach And Education6632142.005781002.00
    Satellite Sites2388511.702444901.70
    Transfer Station532317814.00869575414.00
    Yard Trim Reduction836810.00755040.00
    Recycling Center69892264.5072350544.50
    Residential Collection2762114128.903541297229.00
    Resource Recovery Facility & Related Waste Transfer238985731.20265654891.20
    Site 21647310.401590360.40
    Support for Recycling Volunteers1413840.001441400.00
    Waste System Planning5738952.603842192.60
    Total96543375105.14109960362106.24
    Charges to Other Departments
    Charged DepartmentCharged FundFY18
    Total$
    FY18
    FTES
    FY19
    Total$
    FY19
    FTES
    SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL
    General ServicesGeneral Fund2517490.002517490.00
    Parking District ServicesBethesda Parking695580.00695580.00
    Parking District ServicesSilver Spring Parking1347680.001347680.00
    Parking District ServicesMontgomery Hills Parking00.0000.00
    Parking District ServicesWheaton Parking130420.00130420.00
    Liquor ControlLiquor196490.00196490.00
    Total4887660.004887660.00
    Future Fiscal Impacts ($000s)
    TitleFY19FY20FY21FY22FY23FY24
    SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL
    EXPENDITURES
    FY19 Recommended100713.000000100713.000000100713.000000100713.000000100713.000000100713.000000
    No inflation or compensation change is included in outyear projections.
    Elimination of One-Time Items Recommended in FY190.000000-182.000000-182.000000-182.000000-182.000000-182.000000
    Items recommended for one-time funding in FY19, including Dickerson Master Plan and Residential Organics Initiative- Outreach , will be eliminated from the base in the outyears.
    Retiree Health Insurance Pre-funding0.0000004.0000005.0000007.0000007.0000007.000000
    Labor Contracts0.000000112.000000112.000000112.000000112.000000112.000000
    These figures represent the estimated annualized cost of general wage adjustments, service increments, and other negotiated items.
    Subtotal Expenditures100713.000000100647.000000100648.000000100650.000000100650.000000100650.000000
     
    SOLID WASTE COLLECTION
    EXPENDITURES
    FY19 Recommended9247.0000009247.0000009247.0000009247.0000009247.0000009247.000000
    No inflation or compensation change is included in outyear projections.
    Retiree Health Insurance Pre-funding0.0000000.0000000.0000000.0000000.0000000.000000
    Labor Contracts0.00000016.00000016.00000016.00000016.00000016.000000
    These figures represent the estimated annualized cost of general wage adjustments, service increments, and other negotiated items.
    Subtotal Expenditures9247.0000009263.0000009263.0000009263.0000009263.0000009263.000000
    Additional Documentation


    SOLID WASTE ENTERPRISE FUND RATES AND FISCAL PROJECTIONS FOR FY19-24

    Assumptions
    • In FY19, the County Executive recommends no change in the solid waste system service charges across all sectors:

      Single-Family: $205.11

      Multi-Family: $16.06

      Non-Residential: $596.13 (medium category)

    • Refuse collection services are maintained at their current levels, with the annual collection charge increasing $7.00 (10%) from $70.00/ household in FY18 to $77.00/household in FY19.

    • The disposal fee for municipal solid waste received at the Transfer Station (known as the "Tipping Fee") and waste delivered in open-top roll-off boxes is unchanged at $60 per ton, and $70 per ton, respectively.

    • Expenditures for certain programs, such as the Resource Recovery Facility, Transfer Station, and Out-of-County Haul, are Base Systems Costs and calculated based on waste generation estimates for each sector. Expenditures for programs such as the Recycling Center, Recycling Collection, and Dickerson Compost Facility are Incremental Costs and calculated based on the cost of the incremental services received by each sector. Other expenditures are increased by inflation, except where contract or scheduled costs apply.

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    FY19 Solid Waste Service Charges

    1. Purpose - To fund solid waste management services provided to residents and businesses in Montgomery County through service charges to all entities that benefit from such services.

    2. Classification of Service Charges - There are five basic categories of service charges:

      Base Systems Benefit Charge - Paid by all entities to cover costs of system administration, historical debt service, waste reduction, and "stand-by" disposal capacity.

      Incremental Systems Benefit Charge - Paid by entities based on sectorspecific services they receive (single-family homeowners pay for curbside recycling collection and processing, businesses pay for the commercial recycling program, etc.)

      Disposal Charges - Paid as a service charge via the tax bill or at the Transfer Station by all entities who deliver solid waste to Montgomery County for disposal. At the Solid Waste Transfer Station, this charge is referred to as the "Tipping Fee" for accepting municipal solid waste for disposal.

      Leaf Vacuuming Charge - Covers the cost of leaf vacuuming service provided in the Leaf Vacuuming District.

      Refuse Collection Charge - Paid by homeowners who receive once weekly refuse collection service by County contractors.

    3. Implementation of Service Charges - Service charges are collected from the various sectors in the following manner:
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